Water is one of the most destructive factors for building materials. With long -term exposure to the foundation and walls, it corrodes the materials, violates their integrity, washed out the solution, worsens heat – and soundproofing properties. Therefore, it is very important to protect the house from water exposure.
It is better to do it in advance. When choosing a site for construction, pay attention to its characteristics. If the territory is periodically subjected to flooding, then yarrow, reeds, alder and verba grow on it. Ask your neighbors if the water floods their basements, how long it costs after heavy rains, what is the water level in the well or what depth of the well. If the plot is located on the river bank, find out if there are protective structures in the area – ditches, water collectors, dams, etc. D. Look at the prices for drilling wells.
When building a house in a zone where there is a risk of floods, do not use wood, self -brick and gypsum decoration for external walls. But also brick, ceramic blocks, natural stone, foam concrete, etc. D. need to be improved, increasing their moisture resistance. The main method is to increase the density of materials or the use of denser blocks and bricks, as well as an increase in the number of closed pores in porous materials using waterproofing.
For interior decoration, it is better to use special moisture -resistant water – dispersion paints, pressed slabs, moisture -resistant gypsum on cardboard sheets, glass – and washing wallpaper.